“…contribute to the achievement of the General and Specific Objectives of this Agreement by enhancing the coordination, integration, synthesis, and assessment of science activities. Science, including monitoring, surveillance, observation, research, and modeling, may be supplemented by other bodies of knowledge, such as traditional ecological knowledge.”
Canada and the United States agree to foster coordination and collaboration of scientific efforts by:
Undertaking the necessary monitoring and surveillance to anticipate science needs and to address emerging environmental concerns;
Ensuring that science and information are available to support Great Lakes programs and activities in the basin and to inform the public, who also have a role to play in meeting GLWQA objectives;
Reviewing the science supporting the agreement’s objectives to inform management actions and policy development;
Identifying science priorities and using best efforts to ensure that science funding agencies orient their research programs in response to research priorities;
Fostering coordination and collaboration of scientific efforts in support of the GLWQA;
Utilizing comprehensive, science-based ecosystem indicators to assess the state of the Great Lakes, to anticipate emerging threats and to measure progress;
Implementing a cooperative science and monitoring initiative to help coordinate science programs on the Great Lakes; and
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry
Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change
U.S. Geological Survey
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
An extended subcommittee involves additional organizations and experts beyond the GLEC membership.
As required, time-limited task teams can also be created to focus efforts on a priority issue or project, and will be disbanded when work is complete. Currently, the Science Annex subcommittee has task teams that focus on:
Cooperative Science and Monitoring
Provide guidance and facilitate science and monitoring activities binationally to assist the Annexes in meeting the commitments of their Workplans. Coordinate a 5-year rotational cycle of intensive research and monitoring focusing on each lake in rotation.
Ecosystem Indicators and Reporting
Provide guidance on the selection of indicators to use for reporting on the state of the Great Lakes and to facilitate indicator review, revision and/or development as well as support indicator reporting where possible.
Traditional Ecological Knowledge
Provide an opportunity for both Indigenous and Western knowledge to contribute to science in support of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. While the Task Team will report under Annex 10, there is an expectation that the blend of Indigenous and Western knowledge will be of significant value to many of the other Annexes as well.